My grand uncle, that is my grandfather's brother had a flight school and performed in barnstorming shows somewhere in the midwest and it's not a Jenny. His name was Ralph Bloxham and is seen with his flying cap on in the rear cockpit.

I've found a few planes with similar characteristics but none with them all. Can you identify the plane?

  • Single bay biplane.
  • N- type interplane struts.
  • Little to no dihedral.
  • Rear cockpit is just below the trailing edge of the top wing, no cutout in the top wing.
  • Dual (upper and lower wing) ailerons with push/pull link.
  • Non-radial (inline or V engine, likely water-cooled but possibly air-cooled such as a Franklin)
  • Two blade prop.
  • Bipod cabane struts at the front spar, single rear spar cabane strut.
  • Mild stagger of the top wing forward, Wire wheels (may be missing covers)
  • No brakes, interesting side panel on fuselage with a radiused front edge, rather long- coupled empennage which is not visible in the photo.
  • Fuselage is rather slab sided with pretty constant taper and is very slender aft of the cockpits.
  • Bottom of engine cowl tapers up toward the front, and no protruding push rods or exhaust manifolds visible.
  • Engine cover is not higher than the fuselage contour line (no hump)
  • Exhaust out the side or both sides, don't know but there's some semblance to the liberty engine.

enter image description here

The N strut design seems to be a rather uncommon trait as I search, most are wired only, and so is the completely enclosed long engine cowl/cover which rules out all radial or rotary types. Single bay rules out many. What do you think?

  • $\begingroup$ Welcome to aviation.SE! $\endgroup$
    – Pondlife
    Commented Jul 28, 2018 at 13:06

2 Answers 2


I'm pretty sure that this is a Lincoln PT, part of the Lincoln Page PT series, although the PT/PT-K was in the late 20's and early 30's:

enter image description here Source: Wikimedia Commons

You can read about it from EAA:

The Lincoln PT-K model was the next development of the Lincoln-Page PT, designed specifically as a flight training or low cost sport flying airplane. The “Page” had been dropped from the company name before the PT-K came out, so the “PT” stood for “Page Trainer”.

The PT-K was considered a well designed airplane from an aerodynamic standpoint in 1929, taking into account the mannerisms of a student pilot. The fuselage had a long moment arm for the tail surfaces, meant to desensitize the pitching and bucking of a nervous student pilot as he worked his way through the curriculum. In other words, the Lincoln was not too fussy and wouldn’t get all upset due to a little pilot error.

The PT-K was powered by a 100 hp Kinner K5, which could max out at 104 mph. It was no exceptional trick for the PT-K to perform a well rounded loop from level flight; there was really no need to dive and gain excessive speed to bring it around.

The structure of the PT series proved to be quite rugged. The original design had a split axle landing gear configuration with a shock absorbing bungee chord. The later design featured a stiff-legged rigid gear, coupled with low pressure airwheels. The low pressure airwheels had more than enough “give” in the sidewall so that no further shock absorption was needed.

The PT-K was available with a few options, including a metal propeller, a lightly framed fully enclosed canopy for cold weather flying, navigation lights, and engine starter. One other item available as an option was Bloxham “Safety Sticks”. This option allowed the instructor to disengage the student’s control stick if a student “froze” during the flight.

The aircraft in the picture is restored, but the strut matches especially around the cockpit.

The Lincoln PT was offered with a different V-8 engine, the Curtiss OX-5 but there is no evidence that one was ever sold. You sir may have that evidence as you don't seem to have the PT-K version, but the PT version.

  • $\begingroup$ +1 Looks like you found the right aircraft. There is other evidence for OX-5 powered PTs, however. $\endgroup$ Commented Jul 28, 2018 at 7:14
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @PeterKämpf Maybe, I would question the Wikipedia source for that (it isn't cited), the picture you linked to seems to be an advertisement from Lincoln, it's possible that it is the same aircraft as the OP, or that it was converted to a -K before being sold. All the currently registered PT's are the -K model, which isn't to say that they weren't made/sold in the 30's, but there seems to be no surviving examples. $\endgroup$
    – Ron Beyer
    Commented Jul 28, 2018 at 15:31
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you! It seems I came to the right place. I haven't heard of the LIncoln aircraft before. And the modification is actually known as the Bloxham Safety sticks? My uncle must have created that I imagine. Or he with help from his brother who was an engineer. I can see the struts are exactly the same and the long coupling was evident as I couldn't even see the empennage in the old photo. I see the powerplant is different. Thanks a bunch! $\endgroup$ Commented Jul 31, 2018 at 0:56
  • $\begingroup$ Yes, they were called "Bloxham Safety Sticks" sold by the Bloxham Aero Supply Company, however I can't find much information on that company or what became of it. They were actually marketed as "Bloxham Safe-T-Sticks" $\endgroup$
    – Ron Beyer
    Commented Jul 31, 2018 at 1:12

OX-5 powered PT, so some were built. OX-5 powered PT

There was also the Lincoln-Page LP-3. Lincoln LP-3


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