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I would like to know what accuracy is required for ADS-B position reporting.

For example, mobile phones A-GPS capable have 10 meter position error with perfect conditions.

Is this similar with ADS-B GPS receivers?

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You can report any accuracy you want over ADS-B, as long as the position source is compliant with TSO-C129 (or later revision), TSO-C145a/C146a (or later revision), or TSO-C196 (or later revision).

ADS-B gives amongst others:

If the positioning system cannot provide integrity or accuracy, the ADS-B transmitter will encode the NIC/NAC as 0 (unknown). This warns users of the ADS-B data that the position source is not to be trusted.

In day-to-day operation, ADS-B is required to provide:

  • an integrity limit less than 0.2 nautical miles;
  • a reported accuracy of less than 0.05 nautical miles;

Practically, GPS will occasionally give lower accuracies / integrity, but it will be reflected in the NACp / NIC so that users of the data can decide how to handle this lower quality data for their purposes.

Mobile phone A-GPS chips are typically not certified under the TSO's mentioned above and they don't provide integrity information. These chips are thus not suitable for ADS-B.

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