# What is the average g force experienced on takeoff for an ultralight?

How much g-force is made on an ultralight during take off if its upward velocity of 2m/s?And what's the average g force experienced during takeoff on an ultralight?

• about 1.2g? (9.8+2)/9.8 = ~1.2 ? – user3528438 Apr 9 '18 at 21:20
• nope, g=9,8 (m/s²) is acceleration while 2 m/s is velocity. totally different things and cannot be summed together. – szulat Apr 9 '18 at 21:50
• Assuming wings level takeoff (no 60 degree banked turns during takeoff), Average (over the course of entire takeoff), is probably very, very close to 1 g. (starts at 1 G, ends up at 1 G, so there must be periods where actual G-Loading is slightly above 1 G and periods where it is slightly below). But based on 2m/sec, (2 m/sec over a 5-10 sec takeoff period is what in acceleration? 0.2 to 0.4 m/sec/sec?) Maximum G-Load however, is different story. – Charles Bretana Apr 9 '18 at 23:22
• ... and @szulat, acceleration is simply rate of change of velocity, so user3528438 is correct (although he makes incorrect assumption that takeoff period is only one second.) – Charles Bretana Apr 10 '18 at 14:38
• @CharlesBretana exactly, it's the rate of change and in this case the rate was not specified so the g force can't be calculated. if the user35 said the assumed time is 1 s then it would be correct. adding acceleration and velocity numbers together and hoping it somehow lead to meaningful result without understanding what actually is being calculated is incorrect. – szulat Apr 10 '18 at 14:51

I fly part 103, specifically a Hy-Tek Hurricane. I also have a G meter on board. It is a Dynon D2, which features an artificial horizon (attitude indicator) and also a G meter. The average G's on takeoff is pretty small, usually around 1.1 to 1.2 Gs. I can also tell you it is impossible to pull anything over 2 G's during takeoff. I actually performed this test in the air at 2000ft, straight and level at full throttle (simulated takeoff from 2000ft?) at about 55mph, then pulled the stick back all the way in about 1/4 of a second until I was nearly vertical. The highest recorded G reading during this maneuver was 1.8 Gs. Of course all ultralight aircraft are different. I would NOT recommend performing this test from an actual take-off from the surface. Also you should consider that by performing the test at 2000ft, I was not in any kind of ground effect, so you would have to factor in that little bit of extra lift cushion you would get from an actual takeoff from the surface, but I would guess the extra lift component is probably small, so that is why I estimated 2 Gs max.

• 55 mph is, however, way too fast for take off, isn't it? At take-off speed, you couldn't pull that much, because you would stall if you did. – Jan Hudec Jun 15 '18 at 18:54
• Exactly Jan. Since normal take-off speed in my aircraft is lower than 55mph, I would never reach 1.8 Gs on takeoff. If I tried yanking the stick back on actual takeoff, I would possibly stall the wing immediately. I don't know for sure, but I am not going to try. – Dylan Quincey Jun 16 '18 at 13:33
• Given that lift goes as the square of speed, at 35 mph, your maximum G would be around half what you pulled -- which is less than 1 G (i.e. you couldn't be off the ground yet). At the moment of takeoff, there's precious little extra lift above the takeoff weight (including pilot and fuel) -- so G figures in the 1.1 to 1.2 range are very reasonable. – Zeiss Ikon Sep 5 '18 at 15:41