What is the reason that airplanes in English have a female gender? Please illuminate the historical or scientific reason.
Much of aviation has a history in Nautical terms, lore... and law.
Ships were referred to as "she" perhaps for one of the following reasons
- The latin word for Ship is "Navis" which is a feminine noun
- Or perhaps mostly male ship owners would name their ships after/for their (invariably female) loved ones.
- Ships were often dedicated to godesses, or women of significance in order to bestow on them good luck when seafaring
Aircraft, like ships, can evoke a fair amount of affection on the part of the aircrew, or ship's crew.
Until recently, most aircrew (outside of attendants) were male, just as most ship's crew are male. And most men would prefer to personify the subject of their affection as female, not male.
After all, you didn't see beefcake men as ship's figureheads, did you?