Nope, and it's because of how tires work.
The limits are tire adhesion and braking capacity. The latter is not the limiting factor - adhesion is.
Adhesion is roughly proportional to weight on tire. Specifically, contact patch area (sq.in.) x weight per square inch, but you notice square inches factor out, leaving only weight on tires. It's more complicated than this, this is the prep school version, and there is some tuning to be done -- but it's been done. And it doesn't help that much.
Take my car (please). It has 600 pounds on a front tire. How big is the contact patch? That's actually easy: the tire pressure is 30 PSI. 600lb divided by 30 lb/sq.in. = 20 sq.in. Contact pressure is, you guessed it, 30 pounds per square inch.
What happens if I reduce my tire pressure to 20 PSI? OK, now 600/20 = 30 square inches of patch area. With 20 PSI contact area.
Which brakes better? It's pretty close to a wash. 30x20 ~= 20x30 =~ 600.
What if I add lead ballast to my front end? Now my weight is 750 lbs/tire (25% more). YES! I get 25% better adhesion and thus braking power. Except I now have 25% more mass to stop! So it doesn't slow any more swiftly.
OK, so you take a 747 and replace its 4-wheel bogeys with magic 6-wheel bogeys that weigh the same. 50% more wheels, right? 50% more contact area, right? Nope. Think about how contact area is determined. Same tire pressure but each tire is carrying 2/3 the weight as before, so the contact patch is 2/3 the size. You end up with exactly the same contact patch (in square inches) and exactly the same pounds per square inch as you had with the 4-wheel bogeys.
Anyway, if you wanted to increase the contact patch 50%, you just reduce the tire pressure 33%. But just like my car, that wouldn't help you either.
All these factors wash out (roughly). The ruling factor in adhesion is the weight on bogeys.
If only there was a way to increase weight on wheels without increasing vehicle mass.
There's the answer. It's an aerodynamic lift surface that pushes down on the tires. those cars go plenty fast enough for the Marlboro to be aerodynamically effective. This works. Weight-on-tires is increased so adhesion increases in proportion. Vehicle mass is not increased so it brakes correspondingly better.
Do the same thing on an airplane. Come up with a way to attach a big wing of some kind directly over the main gear. And set it up to generate downforce.
Not sure how to do it, though. Maybe this? ;-)