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For the Lycoming O-160-A4A, the operator manual says in Economy Cruise, which is 75% Rated power and 2450 RPM, the engine produces 135 HP and burns 9.5 GPH.

How were these figures determined? Were they in standard conditions at sea level, or on the ground at the factory?

It is true that if you assume a power setting to be constant at 65% power and the aircraft is leaned at peak, the aircraft will consume 9.5 GPH, or is this figure not reliable?

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    $\begingroup$ Do you have access to the cruise charts or tables? A blanket statement like that probably = at sea level on a standard day. $\endgroup$ – acpilot Nov 28 '17 at 20:01
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The correct source for burn data is not the Lycoming operator manual, but the aircraft manufacturer's manual.

All modern POH have the consumption data qualified (in tables) relative to altitude and temperature.

When adding a new plane to our fleet, we enter that data in and do a linear regression on the data, so that we have a generalized equation for flight planning purposes.

You need to look at the aircraft documentation, not the engine documentation, because the same engine in different planes will have different performance. The POH will have figures which were established empirically, by the manufacturer's test pilots. Fuel burn tests are conducted at various altitudes, and temperatures.

Please note that to answer your fuel burn questions, it is essential to know the aircraft, configuration, and really, have that specific POH. Then the questions you pose are readily answered.

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  • $\begingroup$ What would you do if it was an STC for a Cessna 150 and there were no supplementary burn values available? $\endgroup$ – Wayne Nov 29 '17 at 13:33
  • $\begingroup$ The same thing as part of your STC, if it was to be a marketed STC. $\endgroup$ – mongo Nov 29 '17 at 14:21

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