I would like to know exactly what Air Traffic Controllers say to pilots pre departure and pre arrival. (In terms of exact information rather than specific example) For example what dialect they use and what info they give.

  • $\begingroup$ As the current answer shows this differs somewhat between countries. It can also depend on types of pilot (airliner? GA?) and class of airport. You should edit to include the specifics of what you want to know. $\endgroup$
    – fooot
    Oct 31, 2017 at 16:28
  • $\begingroup$ It also depends heavily on if they're flying IFR or VFR. $\endgroup$
    – abelenky
    Oct 31, 2017 at 16:40
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ For the US, the FAA's ATC orders have lots of examples of phraseology for all phases of flight. $\endgroup$
    – Pondlife
    Oct 31, 2017 at 17:05
  • $\begingroup$ Possible duplicate of What ATC entities does a commercial airliner communicate with? $\endgroup$
    – Ben
    Oct 31, 2017 at 22:03
  • $\begingroup$ What do you mean by dialect? ATC phraseology is supposed to be consistent independent of dialect. $\endgroup$
    – Steve V.
    Oct 31, 2017 at 23:00

1 Answer 1


ICAO document 4444 contains phraseology and pronounciation in chapter 12. It might however be a little bit difficult (but not impossible) to find online, as ICAO documents are rarely officially published online.

CAP 413: Radiotelephony Manual is published by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in Britain, but is considered reference material for pilot training throughout Europe. CAP 413 is largely built on ICAO doc 4444.

Phraseology in the US differs somewhat from ICAO standard (but is getting more and more harmonized). The Pilot/Controller Glossary published by the FAA may be of some help.


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