# Why would a commercial flight be landing with a tailwind?

I just flew into BOS on flight 2539 and we landed either on 22R or 22L even though winds were 19 knots at 010 at the ground and 14 knots at 300 at 3000 feet. There was no change either; the captain had announced northerly winds 30 minutes prior as we approached the destination.

Why would they be landing with a tailwind? Normally flights land at 4L or 4R when winds are like this.

Assuming 'I just' means today 17 Oct UTC time, then American Airlines 2539 arrived at 22:52 local, or 2:52 UTC.

Reported METAR at that time:

KBOS 170254Z 32013KT 10SM SCT060 08/01 A3015 RMK AO2 SLP209 T00780011 51027

The winds being 320/13 and runways 22L/R facing heading 215, that means the tailwind component was 3 knots. Well within the 737-800 limitation of 10 knots tailwind.

As for the why, it's to maintain the preferential runway system or to avoid switching back and forth if the anticipated winds will not shift more toward the other end. The preferred direction can be used in tailwind up to a limit (8 knots component in certain places for example).

For the US, acording to the National Safety and Operational Criteria for Runway Use Programs, it's 7 knots for the clear and dry runways.

Under ideal conditions aircraft takeoffs and landings should be conducted into the wind. However, other considerations such as delay and capacity problems, runway length, available approach aids, noise abatement, and other factors may require aircraft operations to be conducted on runways not directly aligned into the wind.

(...)

Where anemometers are installed near the touchdown zone of the candidate runway for landings, or near the departure end for takeoffs, any tailwind component must not be greater than 7 knots.

If there are no TDZ anemometers, then it's 5 knots.

The forecast agrees the winds will stay roughly the same and will shift more towards 220.

KBOS 162320Z 1700/1806 32010G20KT P6SM SCT150 BKN250
FM170400 33009KT P6SM FEW250
FM172000 21006KT P6SM SKC
FM180400 23007KT P6SM SKC


Reading TAF guide: https://www.aviationweather.gov/static/help/taf-decode.php

According to the flight track, you landed on runway 27. And according to massport.com, below is the normal configuration for the NW winds. I should have checked the track first 😊

There are a number of reasons to land with a tail wind at a large commercial airport. Two of the most common are operational consideration and noise abatement. At LAX for example the standard pattern is to land and depart to the West (24L/R and 25 L/R). In order to "turn the boat" there is a 15 minute period where no one is departing or landing. With planes coming in at one per minute per complex you can end up with 30 planes waiting to land and needing to get to the other side of the airport and another 30 on the ground. Not something to do for a 3kt tail wind.

The approach for LAX is over the city. From 0000 to 0715 the airport operates with both arrivals and departures over the water, if conditions allow (and in the early morning that is often the case.) I live under the SMF departure for 16L/R and the airport will operate against the wind up to 5kts at night to keep planes away from our neighborhood, but unlike LAX we have a prevailing wind that blows up the river from San Francisco at night so we rarely get to benefit from these noise abatement procedures.