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Passenger aircraft are accessed at gates, or using buses. While they are parked waiting for passengers to board, the area they use is billed by the airport.

I was wondering what is the procedure for loading large cargo aircraft, whose payload must be moved slowly, using relatively complex equipment, and fastened to the airframe carefully.

A train carriage being loaded into a cargo plane
Source

This takes time and if the area used is also billed, the cost could also climb a lot.

  • Do shipping companies have specific reserved areas to do that? Are these areas specifically reinforced?
  • What kind of fees are paid to the airport?
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    $\begingroup$ @Trevor Swallowing it or vomiting it out? $\endgroup$ – David Richerby Sep 25 '17 at 19:18
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They will be loaded/unloaded on the ramp somewhere,

In the case of a facility like the one UPS owns in Louisville KY. they will have a large amount of ramp space in and around the facility which is on the field.

enter image description here (source)

The aircraft will pull to the facility as they would a gate and be loaded there

enter image description here (source)

In the case of just more generic cargo loading and unloading at an airport where no shipper has a facility the airport authority or FBO may have a facility set aside for cargo like the one at JFK. You can find a full list of the airlines/operators who have facilities at JFK here as an example. You can find a full map of the JFK cargo facilities here.

Keep in mind that some cargo will go on passenger planes and may be loaded at the gate. Along with everything else. In this case the cargo will be accepted and sorted (most likely at one of the above example buildings) and then towed over to the aircraft.

Airport fees here in the states are often charged by weight so the fees to the field will be judged on that. The fees for the cargo operations will most likely depend on what you need done such as loading/unloading, storage, customs, refrigeration, live stock services etc. I dont see any explicit prices listed but here is another one of JFK's cargo handlers CAS, I would assume you could contact them if you wanted some pricing on a given transaction.

I would not think the reinforcement is any different than anywhere else, a fully loaded aircraft be it cargo or people is the same weight.

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    $\begingroup$ While Louisville (UPS) and Memphis (FedEx) are the extreme cases, almost all major airports have one or more dedicated cargo terminals. In some metro areas with multiple airports, the bulk of the cargo ops are at the #2 or #3 airport. $\endgroup$ – Gerry Sep 25 '17 at 12:33

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