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I was recently told by a trainer in my airline that on the A320 if we hold the nose up after main gear touchdown then the flight control laws logic will memorise that pitch attitude after 5 seconds and will hold it there. Can anyone provide clarity on this? I have read the FCTM and know this is not a recommended procedure.

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In flight mode the stick commands a load-factor. Which means it will be impossible to flare the aircraft, because as you pull on the stick, you'll be commanding a positive g-load.

Because of this the Airbus has a flare mode which activates at 50' RA. At 50' the pitch angle is stored (memorized). At 30' the aircraft commands a 2° nose down (it takes 8 seconds). The pilot would gently counter this by pulling back, resulting in a nice flare and no increase in the auto-thrust.

If the pilot did not float for way too long (they should not), the plane will touchdown before the 8 seconds pass, further eliminating the need to push forward on the stick to keep the nose gear planted.

The logic reverts to ground mode when two conditions are met: on ground for 5 seconds and pitch angle <2.5°.

If the 5 seconds pass and the nose is still +2.5°, the logic will remain in the flare mode and the THS will not reset to 0°. The pitch will revert to the one set at 50'. As the plane continues to slow down this may result in a nasty nose landing gear slam or a tail strike depending on the stored pitch angle and any gusts (kind of like this funny TV ad).

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I do recommend you check your company's Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM) and to not use the internet for flight. If your instructor does not like too many 'why' questions during class, you can try and ask them after class. When you get your answers, try to validate them from the FCOM.

Some companies that fly extreme approaches have custom logic set by Airbus. So the installed logic may differ.

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  • $\begingroup$ This is pretty interesting. Do Boeing fly-by-wire aircraft like the 777/787 have similar logic for flare/ground detection? $\endgroup$ – shortstheory Aug 27 '17 at 18:37
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    $\begingroup$ @shortstheory - It's a good question. I think you should ask it on the site. Boeing calls it 'landing flare compensation'. But Boeing and Airbus use different fly-by-wire logics, so it's similar only in function, not in execution. A major difference is that Boeing uses an automatic thrust retard mode. $\endgroup$ – ymb1 Aug 27 '17 at 19:10
  • $\begingroup$ I agree that it is pretty interesting. I am baffled by the (apparently intentional) behavior relating to landing. Why would there be an easy mechanism to bash the nose gear/tail strike? Is there any overriding use for memorizing the 50' and 30' pitch angles? Why not let the pilot control the flare like on Cessnas? (Also, what is FCOM?) $\endgroup$ – wallyk Aug 28 '17 at 5:23
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    $\begingroup$ @Neil_UK Given the huge number of A320s in service (7,600 have been built, including A318/9/21) and the number of landings they successfully perform every day, I would infer that the controls are pretty intuitive. In particular, the activation of flare mode causes pulling back on the stick to raise the nose (as I believe one would expect) and, after landing, one would naturally want to get the nose wheels on the ground. So, although the description sounds complicated, it seems that the software makes the stick behave exactly as the pilot would expect, even if they didn't know the aircraft. $\endgroup$ – David Richerby Aug 28 '17 at 12:34
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    $\begingroup$ @ymb1, the biggest difference is that Boeing emulates mechanical controls within the flight envelope, while Airbus uses the flight laws to auto-trim. The automatic thrust-retard mode is rather a small detail compared to that. $\endgroup$ – Jan Hudec Jun 10 '18 at 19:09

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