I'm looking for a chart showing the minimum length a runway can be for various aircraft to land and take off.
Does something like this exist?
Such table would not be useful at all. As the required runway length varies with the aircraft weight, pressure altitude, temperature, aircraft configuration, runway slope, condition (wet, dry), wind, etc.
I'm afraid you won't find such list.
Aircraft manufacturers issue the manual of aircraft characteristics of each type of aircraft. The reference documents provide airlines, MROs, airport planners and operators with the general dimensions of the aircraft, the necessary information for ramp, servicing operations or maintenance preparation. Minimum length for take-off and landing often include in it.
Here is the link for the documents for several major Airliner manufacturer: