While reading this question I saw an image of a plane marked as a US Marines plane of some sort with thrusters or rockets of some sort attached to the sides just past the CG. What plane is this and why are the rockets there?
These are performed to safely achieve V1 on short airfields, where the aircraft would not be able to take off otherwise.
The rockets (or "bottles") use solid fuel, so they are usually single-use.
I have no data on the thrust provided by one of them, but the wikipedia article mentions that a "smaller version" made for the civilian market, could deliver "250 pounds of thrust for 12 seconds", so it is reasonable to expect that the thrust provided by the larger bottles would be larger.
This C-130 is with the Blue Angels demonstration team. Affectionately nicknamed Fat Albert. The rockets are JATO(Jet Assisted TakeOff) bottles, and basically jets/rockets that provide a temporary thrust boost for shorter take-offs.