First one has to understand that the gamut for ice runways is very expansive. Consider in the case of a grass runway, there is tall grass, short grass, rough surface, rolled surface, legumes (like clover) or grasses like Kentucky Bluegrass. All these factors, and more change the nature of a runway. In the arctic, ice runways are used, particularly at some outposts where bringing in paving materials is cost prohibitive, and where the temperatures are stable enough for ice.
Given the kind of ice, landing on an ice runway can be like landing on concrete, or it can be like landing on a roughly plowed, refrozen country road. So the pilot (and ground crew) observations and planning are more significant than landing at the local strip of concrete.
If the ice is a frozen lake, then having knowledge of the thickness, and nature of the ice is important. If on a river, how smooth is it? If with moving water, are there pressure ridges, etc.
From personal experience, I have a couple of stories. One time I landed at Martinsburg WV, after 1" of clear ice. I needed to land, the tanks were getting low, DC was a mess WX wise, and Martinsburg was the best option. I landed (27 or 28, I forget the exact runway), stopped on the runway, and FSS had the FBO bring the fuel truck out to fuel me. The runway had a candy coating, and was slick. After fueling, I took off from where I stood. Oh, I forgot to mention that the winds were something like 280 at 40 gust 55. It worked, and the line personnel were great.
The next story dates back to the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid. Unable to fly into Lake Placid, I did what we had done dozens of times before. Landed on Saranac Lake, and tied the plane down at my friends boat dock. A plow was handy if needed to clear a portion of the lake for takeoff.
Each of those were a higher workload than landing at an ice runway at a research facility in the arctic. But they are all doable, and just need appropriate planning, and skills.
So to prepare for ice runways, be adept at soft, short, and everything in between. And get used to the different types of ice, and what they look like, and how you will land on them.