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How to calculate the lift coefficient of an airfoil section with flaps and slats if we know the Cl for the individual elements, like Cl of wing, Cl of slat and Cl of flap?

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It depends. Are the c$_l$ values referenced to the local chord? Then you need to convert them to the chord of the full airfoil so they can be added.

I wonder, however, how you can have individual lift coefficients without the total lift coefficient. If the single parts are isolated, their pressure distribution is different from that in the context of the full airfoil. Please check the source of the lift coefficients and make sure that they are representative of the local lift when flown in combination with all other parts.

Normally, what needs to be done is to use a multi-element airfoil code and calculate the lift coefficient of the full wing with all high-lift devices in place.

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  • $\begingroup$ The number one error by students doing piecewise analysis is to ignore the multi-chordal relationships. In other words, the chord of the wing, vs the chord of the flaps and of the slats. Normally the reference is the fixed portion of the wing chord. $\endgroup$ – mongo Jun 3 '17 at 0:50
  • $\begingroup$ @mongo: No, the reference should be the chord of the full wing with all devices retracted. But in the end a common reference is what matters most. Even if you use the length of the untied shoelace of the wind tunnel technician. $\endgroup$ – Peter Kämpf Jun 3 '17 at 5:08

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