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Can a pilot (other than an ATP) who is not certificated and current as a CFI give instruction in aircraft required for the issuance of a pilot certificate, e.g. a private pilot certificate?

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    $\begingroup$ Anyone can give instruction, however someone like you describe may not give instruction which may be logged towards the issuance of a pilot certificate. You still need to receive the required instruction from an authorized instructor, no matter how much another pilot may have already taught you. $\endgroup$ – Lnafziger May 28 '17 at 18:51
  • $\begingroup$ As I remember it (1970's) ground instruction did not have to be given by a pilot but the FAA did have a certification as "ground instructor". A quick look at 61.211-217 appears to have not changed. So, even a non-pilot can take the "ground instruction" test and log ground school. $\endgroup$ – jwzumwalt Apr 3 '18 at 13:06
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I'm assuming that you're asking about FAA regulations. Anyone can train anyone else - how effective and safe that training is is a different question! - but only an instructor can issue endorsements, including signing off on training time, endorsing solo flight, and accepting a student pilot application (see 14 CFR 61.193 and 61.215).

This is from 14 CFR 61.51:

(h) Logging training time. (1) A person may log training time when that person receives training from an authorized instructor in an aircraft, flight simulator, or flight training device.

(2) The training time must be logged in a logbook and must:

(i) Be endorsed in a legible manner by the authorized instructor; and

(ii) Include a description of the training given, the length of the training lesson, and the authorized instructor's signature, certificate number, and certificate expiration date.

In theory, a non-CFI could train a student to perform as required by the ACS. But, a non-CFI couldn't authorize the student to fly solo, and he couldn't endorse the student's training time in his logbook. The student would end up able to fly but unable to get a certificate because he'd have no official training time and no solo time. So it wouldn't really be helping the student much: he'd have to go and do the required hours over again with a CFI anyway.

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    $\begingroup$ I can see how it might help a student who has the REQUIRED hours but isn't yet comfortable with all the procedures needed to pass the exams. A family member or close friend who has the experience can then give some extra training sessions that while they can't be logged as training time can help increase confidence and skill level. Combined with more official lessons to get the endorsements this may speed up the learning process at reduced cost. $\endgroup$ – jwenting May 29 '17 at 6:07
  • $\begingroup$ @jwenting That's true, but you have to weigh those benefits of a non-CFI against him creating, tolerating or not even noticing bad habits on the part of the student. I'm sure there are some cases where it works out, though. $\endgroup$ – Pondlife May 29 '17 at 13:23
  • $\begingroup$ I would also be concerned if the non-CFI would be opening himself up to legal consequences if there was an accident. "So, Bill, why did you do X?" "Because that's what Joe taught me to do." So Joe ends up being sued for Bill's accident $\endgroup$ – TomMcW May 29 '17 at 16:27
  • $\begingroup$ @TomMcW I doubt it. The PIC is always responsible, that's the law. And if he picked up a bad habit, the person handling his examination would fail massively if he didn't catch it. $\endgroup$ – jwenting May 30 '17 at 5:56
  • $\begingroup$ @Pondlife true. I was going from my own experience learning to drive where I'd have benefited massively if I'd been able to drive my dad's car legally with him in the passenger seat a few hours before exam time. I was so nervous for the exam I made all kind of mistakes and failed the exam several times despite knowing everything inside and out. Some confidence building time would have helped me massively. As is, the driving school got to play that role and made quite a bit of extra money out of me :) $\endgroup$ – jwenting May 30 '17 at 5:59

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