It is well known that planes with two engines must be able to land with one engine inoperable for their certification, and that four engine planes with two inoperable.
Now, suppose you had a four engine plane with 3 engines inoperable, and only one remaining. In terms of the greatest likelihood of survivability of this incident, is it at all favourable to have the engine closest to the body of the plane active, or the one further out?
As far as I can see it, there are two main ways to tackle this; one is by looking at incidents where triple engine failure occurred (which is very rare) and seeing whether it makes a difference.
The other approach is how does it affect the controllability and maneuverability of the aircraft theoretically or based on testing depending on if one has the jet engine closest to the body active, or the one further out on the wing. It may be that the difference is negligible, but I'd be curious if there can be some argument made to favour one option.
There would be other variables to take into account, so to narrow it down a little more, I am considering only jet engines, on aircrafts used for commercial flight.