I served USAF as a tactical aircraft (fighter jet) maintenance technician (aka Crew Chief). F-15's are a land-based aircraft, and have an arresting hook, and the runways have arresting cables. However unlike a carrier, there is only a single arresting cable, and it is for emergency use only.
In the event that a fighter jet is experiencing a hydraulic failure that may mean loss of brakes, the arresting hook will be deployed, and the pilot will land short to ensure that it will catch the cable. The cable is SLIGHTLY elevated above the runway, so the hook can properly catch it, but not so much that the wheels won't easily roll right over it.
The arresting hooks on these aircraft are not designed for frequent use. While they are attached more or less directly to the keel of the aircraft to minimize strain on the airframe, the arresting hook has a large solid aluminum pad that must be replaced every time it is used.
The cable on the runway is a drag system, NOT an active system. As I recall from my training it uses inertia reels to aid in slowing down the airplane, but there is enough cable length to allow the airplane to go a decent distance down the runway still. Compare to a aircraft carrier, which has an active restraint system and the cables stop the aircraft almost immediately.
I believe that Navy fields used to train pilots for carrier landings, actually have the full sequence of cables that a carrier has, not just a single cable for emergency use.
There is a famous incident involving an Israeli F-15 that lost a wing during a combat training accident, and was subsequently flown back using afterburner (The pilot didn't know he had lost a wing). Upon landing, he was still going at near-MIL speed and required the arresting cable and arresting hook system to stop the aircraft. Not usually mentioned in the documentaries, the arresting cable system on the runway was severely damaged by the incident.