I'm looking for a clarification of how aerodrome characteristics are regulated in a country which has signed the ICAO Chicago Convention (more on Wikipedia). To guide the answer, I'm providing a list of ICAO statements, which may be ignored if non pertinent. The question follows this list.
Under this convention, State members participating to international air travel agreed to follow ICAO recommendations and best practices:
Article 12: Each contracting State undertakes to keep its own regulations in these respects uniform, to the greatest possible extent, with those established from time to time under this Convention. Over the high seas, the rules in force shall be those established under this Convention. Each contracting State undertakes to insure the prosecution of all persons violating the regulations applicable.
The States also agree to provide some infrastructure:
Article 18: Each contracting State undertakes, so far as it may find practicable, to: a) Provide, in its territory, airports, radio services, meteorological services and other air navigation facilities to facilitate international air navigation, in accordance with the standards and practices recommended or established from time to time, pursuant to this Convention.
Nineteen annexes describe SARPs, standards and recommended practices. Annex 14 (volume 1) describes aerodromes. Applicability is defined in § 1.2:
1.2.2 The specifications, unless otherwise indicated in a particular context, shall apply to all aerodromes open to public use in accordance with the requirements of Article 15 of the Convention.
Every airport in a contracting State which is open to public use by its national aircraft shall likewise, subject to the provisions of Article 68, be open under uniform conditions to the aircraft of all the other contracting States.
Each contracting State may, subject to the provisions of this Convention, designate the route to be followed within its territory by any international air service and the airports which any such service may use.
Each State member also publishes aeronautical information (AIP), described in Annex 15 to the convention:
2.1.1 Each Contracting State shall: a) provide an aeronautical information service (AIS); or b) agree with one or more other Contracting State(s) for the provision of a joint service; or c) delegate the authority for the provision of the service to a non-governmental agency, provided the Standards and Recommended Practices of this Annex are adequately met.
Each State must list in the AIP the deviation from ICAO SARPs, in section GEN:
126.96.36.199 c: a list of significant differences between the national regulations and practices of the State and the related ICAO Standards, Recommended Practices and Procedures, given in a form that would enable a user to differentiate readily between the requirements of the State and the related ICAO provisions;
From the statements listed, it's not clear if all aerodromes open to the public are in the scope of ICAO recommendations and SARPs. This may be only those open to international travel, there is some ambiguity.
How do I know whether such aerodrome in a given country benefit from ICAO recommendations as included in the national regulations. For example, there is this recommendation (annex 14):
3.9.6 Recommendation.— To facilitate the movement of aeroplanes, fillets should be provided at junctions and intersections of taxiways with runways, aprons and other taxiways. The design of the fillets should ensure that the minimum wheel clearances specified in 3.9.3 are maintained when aeroplanes are manoeuvring through the junctions or intersections.
How does that apply to aerodromes in Germany or in Canada for instance?