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I have a question about fuel tanks in an older plane like a P-36C Hawk and a P-26B-35. The fuel tanks in the P-26 are placed in the wings and in the P-36C Hawk its under the pilot and behind him. For the P-26 or any plane with its fuel tanks on the wings would it cause more weight on one side if the fuel is used more then the other?

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    $\begingroup$ This is quite common in GA planes (the vast majority of Pipers and Mooneys) that have manual tank selection of the wing tanks. While the POH has recommended switching times you can still create an imbalance fairly easily. $\endgroup$ – Dave Dec 9 '16 at 14:49
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YES

If the port and starboard tanks drain at different rates in a gravity fed system (due to a blocked valve or a clog in a fuel line), then eventually a differential in remaining fuel will drive a lateral imbalance in the plane's weight. Another (and better) way of saying this is that the center of gravity will no longer be aligned with the aircraft centerline.

I can't comment on how this situation might emerge in the P-26 specifically, as I could not find a detailed enough description of its fuel system.

It is worth noting that the same is true with fore/aft center of gravity drift in aircraft where the tanks are located entirely in the fuselage (or under it). This often has a more dangerous effect if not properly managed (and as a result the Cg drifts too far aft).

It is also worth noting that lateral asymmetry can also be created by non-simultaneous release of stores (like the 200 lb of bombs that the P-26 carried). However, in the case of the Peashooter, the bombs were carried very close to the centerline, so the asymmetry would be minimal (as compared to that on a P-51 for instance).

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Planes with multiple tanks have fuel selector valves. So the flight-crew can switch between tanks to keep the plane balanced.

Advanced planes automatically regulate the tanks.

For an old plane like the P-26 you mentioned, there is a fuel selector lever. Here it is circled below:

enter image description here
(Source) P-26 cockpit.

Clockwise from OFF we have Left Auxiliary (wing), Right Auxiliary (wing), Main (center tank), and Reserve (smaller center tank).

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