I would like to write a programme that would be able to find the optimal arrival sequence for a given list of aircraft on a given airport. By optimal I mean in terms of delay, fuel burn and runway throughput
Before this, I'm trying to collect information on the matter because I'm totally novice. I have a few questions
Do air traffic controlers only use the First Come First Served (FCFS) principle to assign runways to aircraft or are there other algorithms ?
I've read that this principle can prove inefficient because, for example, it doesn't consider aircraft "size". I've read that a sequence of 5 small aircraft followed by 5 large is better than one alternating 10 large and small aircraft because less spacing required. Is it true ?
Do you have other examples showing that the FCFS is not optimal ?
When is a runway allocated to an aircraft ? When it reaches the Initial Approach Fix ?
Thanks a lot for your help!
Sorry for the mistakes, english is not my native tongue