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I often asked myself what that "frame" on/in the windshield of some Piper Aircraft is. Below is a photo:

Windshield of Piper Seneca

What I thought it could be, is a "runway alignment help" for the pilot. But I have no idea.

Thanks for all answers.

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  • $\begingroup$ What model of Piper aircraft do you see them in? $\endgroup$ Oct 28, 2016 at 21:19
  • $\begingroup$ @SMSvonderTann They are not in all models. I recognized them in a Seneca and in a PA-31 Navajo. $\endgroup$ Oct 28, 2016 at 21:23

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As Thunderstrike suggested, these are windscreen heaters commonly marketed as "hot-plates".

The Piper Aztec I flew had one of these. When I first started flying the aircraft I expected some difficulty in seeing through or around it, as it was directly in my view. However, when actually flying the aircraft, I hardly noticed it was there.

As with all the electric windshield heat that I am familiar with, it is intended to be used as an anti-icing measure, not a de-icing measure. This means that the plate is heated so that frozen water that strikes the plate should melt and flow off, and liquid water should not freeze but should flow off. The heat is provided by fine, high resistance wires running vertically between two plates of laminated glass. The wires are visible if one focuses on them, but as with looking through a window screen, the wires disappear when one focuses on the distance.

See the following close up of a heated windshield employing the same type of heating elements:

King Air B200 windshield
Source: own work

These hot plates are available for multiple makes and models of aircraft, both as a replacement heater for aircraft with inoperative windshield heat such as the Piper Navajo, and for aircraft without installed windshield heat such as the Piper Aztec.

For this classification of aircraft, in order to meet flight into known icing conditions (FIKI), windshield heat is needed to provide an adequate view for taxi, takeoff, approach, landing, and certain maneuvers. Having an adequate view is helpful at any stage of a flight. However, for the practical purpose of anti-icing, windshield heat is arguably most important—and required—during the landing phase. See 14 CFR 23.775(f):

(f) Unless operation in known or forecast icing conditions is prohibited by operating limitations, a means must be provided to prevent or to clear accumulations of ice from the windshield so that the pilot has adequate view for taxi, takeoff, approach, landing, and to perform any maneuvers within the operating limitations of the airplane.

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  • $\begingroup$ @Jules See my comments here regarding your question about the requirements for the anti-icing capabilities. $\endgroup$
    – J W
    Oct 29, 2016 at 15:40
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    $\begingroup$ for those with no access to aircraft to look at the real thing, it's also an option on some cars, including several models of Fords. $\endgroup$
    – jwenting
    Oct 31, 2016 at 7:08
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Looks like it might be a Windshield "Hot Plate" for anti-icing. Electrically powered, heating from resistors warming the panel prevent freezing in that windscreen area.

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Source

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Source

They are available online from many vendors online if you search for them. The design is a lower-end solution to the heated windscreen:

Piper PA-31 Navajo Windshield Anti-Ice Hot-Plate Kit

This kit is desirable for the Piper PA-31 Navajo operator who doesn't want the expense and resultant down-time required to replace a heated windshield. Source

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  • $\begingroup$ Can you provide a short explanation on how it works? $\endgroup$
    – fooot
    Oct 28, 2016 at 22:21
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    $\begingroup$ Is de-icing this small an area generally beneficial for longer flights, or is it "just good enough" for a landing at the nearest airport if the ice buildup is starting to seem hazardous? (Asking as a non-pilot) $\endgroup$
    – Jules
    Oct 29, 2016 at 7:20

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