I watched a video of a a B17 taking off, and as you can see on the attached image, there are 4 hands on the throttles: the PF's right hand, both PNF's hands, and even the F/E has his hand under the throttles.

What's the reason for that? I understand the policy of the PNF having his/her hands on the throttles (as explained in this answer, for instance), but what about the F/E, what is he holding?

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ Closer view of the quadrant levers (source). Hands are not on the same controls (F/E on the pitch levers). $\endgroup$
    – mins
    Commented Aug 11, 2016 at 9:02
  • $\begingroup$ Any idea why would (yet another) hand needs to be on the pitch levers during take-off? $\endgroup$
    – user12873
    Commented Aug 11, 2016 at 9:13
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @mins I suspect that the procedure was to move the pitch to full coarse to add maximum drag to stop more quickly. $\endgroup$
    – Simon
    Commented Aug 11, 2016 at 9:58
  • $\begingroup$ Related: aviation.stackexchange.com/q/22581/11953 $\endgroup$
    – Steve
    Commented Aug 11, 2016 at 13:45
  • $\begingroup$ @Simon it would be full fine pitch to get max drag, not full coarse. $\endgroup$ Commented Sep 21, 2016 at 8:37

2 Answers 2


If you look at the throttle quadrant without all the hands involved, you can see more detail:

enter image description here

At the bottom, the 4 levers control the pitch of the propeller blades. The FE is holding them to ensure that they are at full pitch for the entire take-off run.

The large levers in the middle are the throttles which (partly) control the manifold pressure (and power) that the engines are producing. Two pilots have hands on the throttles to ensure that all 4 engines are producing full take-off power.

But there are 4 more levers that nobody has their hands on, which control the waste gates for the turbocharged engines. These open or close the waste gates, and allow the turbo to make power. There are another 4 levers on older consoles that control the mixture settings. The levers shown above may be the mixture levers, its difficult to tell from this picture because it looks like the quadrant has been upgraded.

If you want to see a good video on how all these levers work, here is a really good YouTube video describing how to fly a B-17, start from about the 2:30 second mark, but its an interesting watch.


Actually, the 4 levers mentioned above that the previous comentor indicated controlled the supercharger are actually for the mixture. The supercharger control is the box on the left of the throttle quadrant with the dial thingy on it. In late model B-17s, the superchargers were controlled that way. In easier models, that box wasn't there, but there were 4 levers to control each engines supercharger individually.

  • $\begingroup$ you may edit your question to highlight what you mean by "that the previous comentor". The order the comment/Aswer is displayed is not fixed. You should also add references and links for further readings $\endgroup$
    – Manu H
    Commented Sep 20, 2016 at 15:02

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