As long as there are load-bearing structures beneath the fiber (I don't know how strong that fiber is so I will assume it is fabric-like), it will most likely fly if designed properly. If the fiber is smooth, it shouldn't be much different than regular fabric or other composite skins.
And yes, there are plenty of sailplanes that self launch with electric or gas motors. You would just have to take into account the weight and position of the motor when you add it in. This could mean that you need to lengthen the tail section for more tail down force, move the seats further back, place the engine in a more neutral CG position above the fuselage on a pylon, or any number of other methods. You might then also need to increase the wing surface area a bit, to lift the extra weight. Also take into account the weight and position of the batteries. The design effects and considerations are pretty straightforward, but dealing with them may or may not be complicated.
The Soviets tried in the 1930's to make an invisible spy plane (an AIR-6 I believe) by replacing the cloth skin with a cellophane-like material so that its entire was transparent. At just a few thousand feet the engine could be heard but the plane was almost completely invisible. Unfortunately the cellophane-like material would rapidly degrade after a few flights or several days out in the sun. It seems like your idea would be the modern version of that endeavor.