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Supposing, after a "bad" landing, performing a high vertical speeed, the crew, unintentionally, activates the ELT, sending the signs to the sattelites, warning the rescue and team about the "accident", that does not happen. Would the fees for the services be payed? Is there any penalty for the crew or company?

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It happens ALL the time. I have been on many airport hunts looking for the airplane with a triggered ELT. You tale a handheld radio and walk through the ramp until you find it.

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The ELT guys get a lot of false alarms. About 97% of ELT alerts are false alarms. Most false alarms are generated by bad ELTs on boats.

Neverthless, they chase them all down. The organization that does this is the Civil Air Patrol.

Legally, a person activating false alarm can be held liable for substantial fines, but in practice it is unknown for those fines to be assessed for an accidental alert. If someone was deliberately setting off an ELT, the FCC might attempt to prosecute and assess a fine, which by statute can be as much as $100,000.

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    $\begingroup$ The organization that chases down ELT activations is the US Coast Guard, assisted by the US Air Force through the Civil Air Patrol. See AC 91-44A. You can also activate an ELT during the first 5 minutes of the hour (and for 3 sweeps) for testing purposes, or at any time if arranged with the nearest tower or FSS. $\endgroup$ – Ron Beyer Jun 8 '16 at 14:18
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    $\begingroup$ @RonBeyer The CAP always finds the transmitter first. Who they call after they find it depends on where it is. $\endgroup$ – Tyler Durden Jun 8 '16 at 17:46
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    $\begingroup$ And source for the 97% claim? $\endgroup$ – Notts90 Jun 21 at 9:41

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