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I'm not a helicopter pilot. The way I understand it, helicopter pilots have to constantly make small adjustments to make a helicopter hover steadily at a certain point in space, just like fixed wing pilots flying in close formations.

Are there any systems which, when engaged, will measure the helicopter's movement with gyroscopes and accelerometers, and automatically compensate for small deviations?

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Yes, advanced flight directors and autopilots for helicopters can control the aircraft in all axes, and often they have modes for hovering built in, including maintain altitude, lateral veloctiy hold, hover, and/or autolevel.

Hovering is difficult because it requires more complex controls than maintaining altitude in an airplane. Helicopters have a different set of control axes than fixed-wing aircraft. Fixed wing aircraft are controlled in pitch, roll, and yaw, with thrust as an extra variable. On a helicopter the flight path is controlled through cyclic (roll and pitch), collective, and throttle, with the anti-torque pedals as well to control yaw. Hovering the aircraft requires controlling of the cyclic to keep the aircraft over its target with no lateral movement, and collective and throttle to maintain constant altitude, although the exact procedures are a little more complex.

While not present on low-end helicopters due to a combination of complexity and lack of necessity, advanced autopilots for helicopters do exist. Like on other aircraft, there is a wide variety in autopilots between simple functions to maintain attitude (often called one or two-cue guidance depending on the number of axes used) to complex FMS-integrated three-axis modes (which would be "three-cue" guidance). The FAA Helicopter Flying Handbook states, for example, that "The most advanced autopilots can fly an instrument approach to a hover without any additional pilot input once the initial functions have been selected."

On the Agusta AW139 helicopter that I'm familiar with (although I'm not a pilot), they have several modes that provide this functionality:

  • an altitude mode to maintain a given altitude
  • an altitude acquire mode to smoothly reach a desired altitude
  • an autolevel mode to level off at the end of an approach segment
  • a lateral velocity hold mode to maintain slow lateral motion or no lateral motion
  • more exotic search and rescue modes providing capabilites to transition to a hover, mark-on-target descents to predefined altitutdes, etc.

A traditional hover would be achieved by combining a low lateral velocity mode with a zero vertical speed mode like altitude or autolevel.

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  • $\begingroup$ One other reason that hover is so difficult is - most aircraft in flight have a natural stability (excepting deliberately unstable fighter aircraft) from aerodynamic pressures on the aircraft in flight. A helicopter in hover has no natural stability - it is unstable in all three axes. Somewhat like trying to stand up on a sheet of ice. Also the reason that helicopter pilots tend to get in forward flight as soon as possible - it provides some stabilization. $\endgroup$ – tj1000 Aug 30 '17 at 15:47
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Yes. Some helicopters, especially rescue, have auto-hover.

Here are some examples:

More to follow...

I tried to find some videos for you, especially of the Bell 412 auto hovering on YouTube which seems to have been removed.

The AW-101, Bell 412, Bell 525, S92 and others have this capability.

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    $\begingroup$ the video is not available anymore :( $\endgroup$ – Federico Aug 30 '17 at 13:41

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