Much of the information is available on FAA.gov, in a handy web-based format in a document called the "Aero Guide", or as a PDF download called the "Aeronautical Chart User's Guide".
The Aero Guide provides a digital document of the reference information provided with both the VFR and IFR paper aeronautical charts and publications, as well as other information not included with the charts. For example, much (if not all) of the same information on Approach Lighting Systems is included in the Guide. However, some other information found in the TERPS publications is not available, such as the Inoperative Components Table.
Here is a screen cap of one of the legends available in the Aero Guide on the
TPP Symbols tab (or in the PDF):
For a web-based version follow the link to the Aero Guide and click on the
TPP Symbols tabs for the TPP information you want.
For the PDF: as quoted from the 'product description' on the Aero Guide page:
Provided here is the Aeronautical Chart User's Guide in a web-based format. This web-based version is designed to easily reference chart symbology while providing access for all devices. For now, the downloadable PDF version is still available at the bottom of this page.
That link to the downloadable PDF is found at the bottom of the
Intro tab. This is the current direct link. Go to the bottom of that page (although not all the way down into the generic FAA.gov info) and look for the "Aeronautical Chart User's Guide" link. This document is about 22 MB in size.