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If you have a 1st, 2nd, or 3rd class medical certificate and a private balloon certificate (as an example) does that mean you have a student pilot certificate if you now want to get a private pilot certificate? Would you have to go back to a medical examiner, DPE, or FSDO to get a student pilot certificate?

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  • $\begingroup$ Which country are you talking about? Rules vary around the world. $\endgroup$ – GdD Feb 2 '16 at 17:18
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    $\begingroup$ Since you're talking about DPEs and FSDOs I think we can safely assume you're asking about faa-regulations? $\endgroup$ – voretaq7 Feb 2 '16 at 17:48
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This answer reflects rulemaking effective 1 April 2016

Regarding the question in the title, no, holding a medical does not mean you have a student pilot certificate. New regulations going into effect 1 April 2016 separate the student pilot certificate from the combination medical+student pilot certificate. Students will need to apply for a student pilot certificate with their CFI or with the FSDO (or their part 141 flight school) through IACRA. The new student pilot certificate is plastic just like a normal pilot certificate and do not expire.

This part is true with or without the rulemaking changes

Regarding the question in the body of your post, you are already a certificated pilot with a balloon rating. You are not a student pilot, you are a private pilot. The regulations you are subject to are to add an airplane category rating are in 14 CFR 61.63.

§61.63 Additional aircraft ratings (other than for ratings at the airline transport pilot certification level).

(a) General. For an additional aircraft rating on a pilot certificate, other than for an airline transport pilot certificate, a person must meet the requirements of this section appropriate to the additional aircraft rating sought.

(b) Additional aircraft category rating. A person who applies to add a category rating to a pilot certificate:

(1) Must complete the training and have the applicable aeronautical experience.

(2) Must have a logbook or training record endorsement from an authorized instructor attesting that the person was found competent in the appropriate aeronautical knowledge areas and proficient in the appropriate areas of operation.

(3) Must pass the practical test.

(4) Need not take an additional knowledge test, provided the applicant holds an airplane, rotorcraft, powered-lift, weight-shift-control aircraft, powered parachute, or airship rating at that pilot certificate level.

As a balloon pilot seeking the airplane category rating with the single-engine land class you

  • must meet the aeronautical experience requirements in 61.109(a)
  • must be endorsed and found competent in aeronautical knowledge of 61.105(b), 61.107(b)(1)
  • must complete a private pilot airplane written exam

and then you will be able to take the practical examination and have airplane single-engine land added to your existing private pilot certificate.

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  • $\begingroup$ What about an additional category rating from 61.63(b)? $\endgroup$ – jskypilot Feb 3 '16 at 14:13
  • $\begingroup$ @jskypilot I'm not sure what you are asking. My answer already addresses 61.63(b). $\endgroup$ – casey Feb 3 '16 at 14:15
  • $\begingroup$ Would this endorsement be necessary? 68. Additional aircraft category or class rating (other than airline transport pilot (ATP)): §§ 61.63(b) or 61.63(c). I certify that (First name, MI, Last name), (pilot certificate), (certificate number), has received the required training for an additional (name the aircraft category/class rating). I have determined that he/she is prepared for the (name the practical test) for the addition of a (name the aircraft category/class rating). /s/ [date] J. J. Jones 98 $\endgroup$ – jskypilot Feb 3 '16 at 14:26
  • $\begingroup$ So to summarize 4 endorsements: knowledge test endorsement (61.35), flight proficiency and aeronautical experience endorsement (61.107, 61.109), received training in last two months, covered knowledge test deficiencies, and is ready for practical (61.39), and different category endorsement (61.63). Is all that correct? $\endgroup$ – jskypilot Feb 3 '16 at 14:29
  • $\begingroup$ @jskypilot yes, you would need all that. Furthermore for the checkride see the private pilot PTS and see what you'll have to demonstrate for the add-on category/class. I'm not sure what the balloon rating will give you there, but its likely you won't have to demonstrate everything that a student pilot seeking a private airplane would have to. $\endgroup$ – casey Feb 3 '16 at 14:45
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Although the other answer is correct regarding the medical, the thing you need to know is that if you already hold a private balloon certificate, you do not need a student pilot certificate.

You are already a private pilot, with a balloon rating, and you are adding an airplane rating.

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