After reading this question and these two answers it is clear that ditching is taken into account, at least for biggest airliners (and with reasons as it occured several times in aviation history).

Pilots are trained to face many technical problems that may lead to an accident (engine flame-out, cabin fire, partial loss of hydraulic power, partial loss of flight computers,...).

But, many airlines pilots do not posses the qualification (nor the training) to pilot specific categories of aircraft such as fighters, gliders or seaplanes. Thus it makes sense to assume they are not trained to fly in formation or land on water.

Is an airliners' pilot trained to ditch as he is trained to deal with technical emergencies? If not, what is its knowledge of such situation (only theorical, practice once on simulator,...)? Is there differences between country's regulation?


This is a very dated answer now, but for what it's worth, prior to my retirement in 1999 from a U.S. airline, we did ditching scenarios in 747-100/200 sims during initial training and then occasionally during recurrent training. Proper execution included being on-speed for your weight, nose attitude at touchdown (5 degrees up as I remember), aircraft configuration (gear up but I don't remember the flap setting), determination of wave direction if possible, and landing parallel to the wave action. It was a relatively easy scenario for the pilots but a busy scenario for the flight engineer. He had to position valves properly at the right time, including making sure the pressurization outflow valves were closed to prevent fuselage flooding.

  • $\begingroup$ Wouldn't fuselage damage cause the plane to flood anyways, no matter whether the outflow valves were open or closed? $\endgroup$
    – Vikki
    Mar 24 '19 at 0:08
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @I have no definitive answer for that, but my guess is that the fuselage damage would vary greatly depending on the circumstances of the ditching, especially wave action and whether you were successful in landing parallel to the waves. Also, at least so were we told as I remember, even if the fuselage is compromised, the wings can provide flotation for a time assuming they stay attached. Even with fuel in them they can be expected float given that fuel weighs less than water: something like 6.7 lbs/gal for fuel, 8.4 or so for water as I remember. $\endgroup$
    – Terry
    Mar 24 '19 at 4:48

There is underwater pilot survival training, but its mostly for small planes and for helis:



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