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Are commercial pilots allowed to fly internationally? Are Commercial Pilots required to take an Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) program/training to fly internationally? And is a commercial pilot the same as an airline pilot?

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    $\begingroup$ The last part of the question (whether a CPL is the same as an ATPL) might be better posted as a separate question. $\endgroup$ – reirab Jul 4 '15 at 6:54
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A US rated pilot (private, commercial or ATP) can operate an N- registered airplane anywhere on earth (subject to the persons ability or inability to enter certain countries airspace).

At the regional airlines it was common that the first officer only possessed a commercial certificate (the full ATP is earned during the pilots first upgrade training to become a captain). These first officers will have no restriction on international travel based on their certificate and can operate international flights. These days FOs will have restricted ATPs rather than commercial certificates, but this is unrelated to the ability to operate internationally.

Outside of airlines you'll find positions where the only a commercial certificate is necessary and these pilots can operate internationally.

If the airplane in question requires a type rating then if the copilot does not have a full type rating, they will need an "SIC type" to operate internationally. This stems from an ICAO requirement that both pilots be type rated. The SIC type can be added to a private or commercial certificate, not just an ATP so this won't be a restriction based on certificate level.

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    $\begingroup$ Doesn't the US now require an ATP-restricted for FOs in scheduled service? $\endgroup$ – cpast Jul 4 '15 at 5:14
  • $\begingroup$ Your comment made me do some research on the topic (since I knew barely anything on it) and it seems, that there is now a "restricted ATP" license. This text here aopa.org/News-and-Video/All-News/2013/July/10/… does, however, not specify if it is REQUIRED for FOs' scheduled services or if it LIMITS the holder to the FO position in scheduled services while it is no requirement. Yet, as I understood the article, the first interpretation seems more likely (restricted ATP license as requirement for FO in scheduled services) $\endgroup$ – Patric Hartmann Jul 4 '15 at 9:50
  • $\begingroup$ @cpast Thanks, I wasn't aware of that change. I've edited to include that info. $\endgroup$ – casey Jul 4 '15 at 14:04

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