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I know that an ILS transmits not only the correct glideslope but also signals that can be interpreted as a false glide path. But I'm not familiar with the details of these erroneous indications. What causes "side lobe" or "mirror" false glideslopes? How many are there, where are they located, and what sensing do they cause in the aircraft? What is the typical behavior of a glideslope signal outside its usable range, or is it completely unpredictable?

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The glideslope system is an analog system, and as such, it's subject to aliasing, resonances, heterodyning, and eight other technical terms I pulled out of my ass.

Maybe a diagram will help:

enter image description here

false glide slopes

In plain English, above the "real" glideslope, there are false glide slopes caused by your equipment locking onto the wrong phase of the signals. If you lock onto the wrong lobe, it will still take you to the runway, but at a much higher rate of descent than you planned for. Maybe steeper than you can manage safely.

Assuming the correct lobe is the bottom-most one in the system (see diagram), you'll be ok as long as you intercept it from below. If you intercept from above, you could lock onto the wrong one, and then you're gonna have a Real Bad Day.

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    $\begingroup$ I would +1 for a great answer but not in favor of the cuss word. So no +1. $\endgroup$ – wbeard52 Feb 20 '17 at 1:40

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