Never heard of any sort of takeoff speed "category" applied to operators in US rules, but we do have rules (in an airline's OpSpecs) for our aircraft that tell us at what min visibility centerline lights are required for takeoff (and landing as well).
If an airport were considering investing in Centerline Lights, that recommendation, combined with a little research into the requirements of the airlines who'd potentially operate into & out of that runway, would provide a basis to determine what incremental gain in utilization the runway could have. (Along with some meterology hisoric data -- numbers of hours/days at or below a given RVR value.)
very high take-off speed does seem a little nebulous; airliners' takeoff speeds are pretty high compared with most General Aviation aircraft, and unless you're building a runway for fighter or experimental jets, there aren't that many aircraft with higher takeoff speeds than we have that it would seem worthwhile to install CL just for them.
But, who knows... Maybe another ICAO document does define that term somewhere.