On many older aircraft, and in vintage aircraft photos, you can often see long wire antennas strung from some point on the top of the fuselage to the top front of the vertical fin. On newer aircraft, it's either a rare find or not seen at all. The fact that some aircraft even today still have them leads me to wonder about their function - which radio frequency bands they are used for, whether those bands are no longer used, or whether the frequencies are still in use but the long wire has been superseded for most installations by a more compact antenna design.
Knowing that modern aviation radio operates in the 108-137 MHz band, and that most modern aircraft use much shorter rigid antennas, the long wire would seem to be inappropriate or unnecessary for that purpose. So, why would aircraft of a more modern design still be equipped with one? What other radio communication (presumably much lower frequency) would call for such an antenna?