Are there any commonly used passenger aircraft larger than regional jets (100+ seats) that aren't Boeing or Airbus?

If so, what are they and where are they used?


6 Answers 6


Yes. Ignoring companies that used to exist but are now bankrupt/merged into Airbus or Boeing, you have companies from countries that aren't historically too friendly with the US and Western Europe. For instance, Tupolev makes the Tu-204, which is currently in production and seats over 175 passengers. The Ilyushin-designed Il-96 is a widebody in current use some places (Russia, Cuba). Before the Cold War ended, Russia had more indigenous airliners; Aeroflot now largely uses Boeings and Airbuses, but there are still Russian aircraft that see use.

In addition, you have newer manufacturers starting to enter the market: Bombardier with their CSeries, Comac (in China) with their C919 (in development), and Irkut with their MC-21 (in development). Embraer makes planes of more than 100 seats (although they're shorter-range, and you might consider them regional jets).

  • 3
    $\begingroup$ And apart from the Russian ones there's also Bombardier and Embraer. $\endgroup$
    – ChrisW
    Apr 11, 2015 at 22:39
  • $\begingroup$ I think Fokker with the Fokker 100 and BAe with the 146 could be considered small airliner manufacturers of the past with many aircraft still in service. $\endgroup$
    – JulianHzg
    Apr 12, 2015 at 9:35
  • $\begingroup$ Lockheed was a notable airliner maker from years past, not bankrupt, not merged with Boeing or Airbus, but they left the civil market years ago. The OP's 100 seat threshold cuts off a lot of Embraer, Bombardardier, ATR and Beech products that are still making money for their owners, and are very visible at any airport. I still see Dassault Falcon 20s hauling frieght, and brand new Cessna 208 turbo Caravans. Not to mention de Havilland Canada Otters, Twin Otters. Remember, the DC-3 was 21 passengers and 4 or 5 crew. $\endgroup$
    – Bill IV
    Apr 13, 2015 at 16:53
  • $\begingroup$ Four and a half years later, turns out that Bombardier C Series... is an Airbus. I guess they couldn't do it on their own. $\endgroup$
    – T.J.L.
    Jan 10, 2020 at 14:20

Being used but out of production:

  • Ilyushin Il-62 (up to 195 seats): last one built in 2010. Totally built 287, 13 remain in service
  • Tupolev Tu-154 (up to 176 seats): last one built in 2013. Totally built 923, 61 remain in service
  • Ilyushin Il-86 (up to 350 seats): last one built in 1995, since 2011 only in military use. Totally built 106, 4 remain in service
  • Ilyushin Il-18 (up to 120 seats): last one built in 1985, but still in use by several airlines. Totally built 678 (other sources say 850+), 92 remain in service
  • Yakovlev Yak-42 (100/120 seats): last one built in 2003, still in use. Totally built 187, 55 remain in service

In production:

  • Ilyushin Il-96 (300/436 seats), the 436-seat variant was never built, but freight variant can be converted to use 436 seats upon customer's request. Totally built 28 (incl freght variant), 15 remain in service
  • Tupolev Tu-204 (up to 210 seats). Totally built 76, 46 remain in active service.
  • Sukhoi SSJ-100 (98-108 seats). Totally built 77, 60 in active service
  • Antonov An-158 (up to 99 seats). Totally built 6 (excluding the An-148 variant which has less seats), all 6 in active service.
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ This is a good summary of the Russian aircraft, but misses all of the others. $\endgroup$
    – fooot
    Apr 14, 2015 at 4:01

Boeing = Historic Boeing, not McDonnell Douglas, or plain Douglas
Airbus = Historic Airbus.
Commonly used= ?

A reputable source would be http://www.airliners.net/aircraft-data/ From there and comments here, I have edited the following list of manufacturers, for a concise answer, and below that, a list of the aircraft which I believe have more than 100 seats, or can be configured with 100 or more seats, and are in revenue service today, 2015:

Aircraft Manufacturers

  1. Antonov
  2. Bombardier
  3. British Aerospace/AVRO
  4. Douglas, McDonnell-Douglas
  5. Embraer
  6. Fokker
  7. Ilyushin
  8. Sukhoi
  9. Tupolev
  10. Yakovlev

Aircraft Type

Antonov An-124 Ruslan Heavylift freighter
Antonov An-225 Mriya Extra-Large cargo aircraft

Bombardier CRJ-1000 (& C-100, C-300, in service as Airbus A-220))

BAE Systems Avro RJX100 Regional airliner
British Aerospace Avro RJ85/100 Regional airliner
British Aerospace BAe-146-200 &-300 Regional jet airliner

Douglas DC-7 Piston engine airliner and freighter
Douglas DC-8-60/70 Long range medium capacity airliner and freighter

Embraer ERJ-195 108 seat regional airliner

Fokker 100 100 seat regional jet

Ilyushin Il-18 Medium range turboprop airliner
Ilyushin Il-62 Medium to long range medium capacity airliner
Ilyushin Il-76 Medium to long range freighter
Ilyushin Il-86 Medium range widebody airliner
Ilyushin Il-96-300 Long range widebody airliner
Ilyushin Il-96M & Il-96T Long range widebody airliner and freighter

McDonnell Douglas DC-10 & Boeing MD-10 Medium to long range widebody airliner
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-40/50 Short to medium range airliners
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Long range widebody airliner
McDonnell Douglas MD-81/82/83/88 Short to medium range airliner
McDonnell Douglas MD-87 Short to medium range airliner
McDonnell Douglas MD-90 Short to medium range airliner

Sukhoi Superjet SSJ-100 Regional jet airliner

Tupolev Tu-154 Medium range airliner
Tupolev Tu-204 & Tu-214 Medium range airliner

Yakovlev Yak-42 Short range airliner

Once common, now mostly or all retired:

Aerospatiale-British Aerospace Concorde Medium range supersonic airliner

Antonov An-22 Antei Large capacity turboprop freighter

Avions Marcel Dassault (AMD) Mercure

BAC 111 One-Eleven -500. Short haul airliner

Canadair CL-44 & Yukon Medium to long range airliner and freighter

Convair 880 and 990

De Havilland Comet Medium range airliner

Douglas DC-6 Piston engined airliner and freighter
Douglas DC-8-10/20/30/40/50 Medium to long range airliner and freighter

Hawker Siddley Trident

Lockheed 1049 Super Constellation & 1649 Starliner
Lockheed L-100 Hercules Medium range freighter
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 1/50/100/150/200/250 Medium to long range widebody airliner
Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 500 Long range widebody airliner
Lockheed L-188 Electra Turboprop airliner and freighter

McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 Short range airliners

Sud SE-210 Caravelle Short range airliner

Tupolev Tu-104A Medium to long range airliner
Tupolev TU-114 long range airliner
Tupolev Tu-334 Short to medium range airliner prototype

Vickers VC10 Medium to long range airliner

These are the Boeing and Airbus planes excluded:

Airbus A220 Medium range narrowbody airliner
Airbus A300-600 Medium range widebody airliner
Airbus A300B2/B4 Medium range widebody airliner
Airbus A310 Medium to long range widebody airliner
Airbus A318 100 seat regional airliner
Airbus A319 Medium range airliner
Airbus A320 Short to medium range airliner
Airbus A321 Short to medium range narrowbody airliner
Airbus A330-200 Long range widebody airliner
Airbus A330-300 Large capacity medium to long range airliner
Airbus A340-200/300 Long range widebody airliner
Airbus A340-500/600 Long range widebody airliners
Airbus A350 Long range widebody airliner
Airbus A380 High capacity, long range, twindeck, widebody airliner

Boeing 707 Medium to long range airliner and freighter
Boeing 717 Short to medium range airliner
Boeing 720 Medium range narrowbody airliner
Boeing 727 Short to medium range narrowbody airliner
Boeing 737 Short to medium range narrowbody airliner
Boeing 747 Long range high capacity widebody airliner
Boeing 747SP Long range high capacity widebody airliner
Boeing 757 Medium range narrowbody airliner
Boeing 767 Medium to long range widebody airliner
Boeing 777 Long range high capacity widebody airliner
Boeing 787 Dreamliner Long range widebody airliner

Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter Freighter

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ You forgot to add SSJ-100 (Sukhoi SuperJet - 100) by Sukhoi Civil Aircrafts $\endgroup$
    – Alex777
    Apr 12, 2015 at 9:23
  • 4
    $\begingroup$ VC-10 and Trident are "commonly used"? I really would like to buy a ticket! Not speaking about the comet! $\endgroup$ Apr 12, 2015 at 12:48
  • $\begingroup$ Could you please avoid such a lenghty list and lump together the relevant manufacturers? $\endgroup$
    – Federico
    Apr 12, 2015 at 16:09
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ But that heading is really hard to find without any formatting in this dump of all non-small airliners in history. $\endgroup$ Apr 12, 2015 at 17:00
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @Vladimir F - sorry about formatting. Better now? This is hardly a dump of all non-small airliners in history, the 100 seat limit removes a lot of respectable airliners that weren't considered 'small' at the time. $\endgroup$
    – Bill IV
    Apr 13, 2015 at 16:57

The MD-80 series is still in fairly widespread use, and it wasn't made by Boeing or Airbus either. The MD-11 is getting harder to find in passenger service, although it's still used for cargo.

  • 7
    $\begingroup$ My mind lumps that in as a Boeing ;) $\endgroup$ Apr 12, 2015 at 3:15
  • 7
    $\begingroup$ For the benefit of readers who don't know this, McDonnell Douglas, maker of the MD-80 series, merged with Boeing in 1997. Airplanes made before the merger are still in service, so whether to classify these as Boeing or not would be a question of definition. $\endgroup$ Apr 12, 2015 at 16:55
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Lots of DC-10s (or converted 'MD-10s') still in cargo service, too. They only exited scheduled passenger service a year or two ago, IIRC. I wouldn't be surprised if there are still some DC-9s in passenger service, too (even Delta was flying them up until a couple of years ago.) $\endgroup$
    – reirab
    Apr 13, 2015 at 3:10

Bombardier make regional jets but their new C series is a 737/A320 class 80-120 seat aircraft

  • $\begingroup$ Although, 80-120 seats isn't really "737 class" in the context of recent 737s. The most recent one (the -900ER) carries 180 passengers in a 3-class configuration. 120 seats is more like DC-9/717 class. $\endgroup$
    – reirab
    Apr 13, 2015 at 3:16
  • $\begingroup$ I meant it was a small airliner rather a commuter jet. $\endgroup$ Apr 15, 2015 at 0:56

Yes , of course.
Tupolev, Antonov, Douglas(I thinks at least they made earlier) and Ilyushin have made many.
While Boeing and Airbus are the most common, Russia, China , India etc. do use (or may be used) other airlines.

  • $\begingroup$ I think there are also some planes made by other companies that were military air planes earlier. But I'm not sure if there are any such flights that are international. $\endgroup$ Apr 13, 2015 at 10:44
  • $\begingroup$ Examples? The 100 seat threshold cuts off a lot of re-purposed planes. Antonov made a lot of < 100 seat airplanes, and there was no hard line between military and civil in the old Soviet days. Very visible in the 3rd world, but < 100 seats. The AVRO York, Boeing 377, Tu-104 and Tu-114 were civil fuselages with military wings. The French made piston engined airliners, and the British did (and turbo props). But the reason Airbus exists is that large, jet, airliners require big money. Boeing won in USA, bought-out McDonnell Douglas. Lockheed & Martin got out of airliners. $\endgroup$
    – Bill IV
    Apr 13, 2015 at 17:17
  • $\begingroup$ Ah well, I found out. Those jets are all out of commission now. I know there were some jets that were initially modified to be used as military jets and later used as commercial airliners till around 1980's. $\endgroup$ Apr 14, 2015 at 8:39
  • $\begingroup$ And one of then even crashed in a mid air collision. $\endgroup$ Apr 14, 2015 at 8:42

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