An air carrier must also have OPSPEC C065, POWERBACK OPERATIONS WITH AIRPLANES to do this.
OPSPEC C065—POWERBACK OPERATIONS WITH AIRPLANES.
A. General. C065 authorizes the use of powerplant reversing systems
for rearward taxi operations. Before issuing C065, the principal
operations inspector (POI) must determine whether the operator meets
requirements discussed in AC 120-29, Criteria for Approval of Category
I and Category II Weather Minima for Approach, current edition.
Airplane types’ make, model, and series (M/M/S) authorized for
powerback operations must be listed in C065. Airports where powerback
operations are authorized must also be listed. If the POI and/or
operator determine that restrictions to powerback operations are
required at certain gates or ramp areas, the restrictions must be
described (adjacent to the airport name) in the “Restrictions and
Limitations” column. OpSpecs worksheets provide a template for listing
authorized airplanes, airports, and restrictions.
B. Policies and Procedures for Ground Personnel During Ground
Operations. Title 14 CFR part 121, §§ 121.133 and 121.135, part 134, §
134.23, and part 135, § 135.21, require certificate holders to prepare manuals setting forth procedures and policies that must be used by
ground and maintenance personnel in conducting their ground
operations. Sufficient procedures must be established to maintain an
adequate level of passenger and company ground personnel safety during
ramp operations. Procedures should emphasize safety during boarding
and deplaning of passengers or cargo, specifically during times when
an engine(s) may be running or a propeller(s) is turning during ground
operations. Procedures should include, as a minimum, a means for
defining no access areas around the propeller(s), as well as the
landing gear and tugs, during push and ground marshaling operations.
Policies should provide that an adequate number of ground personnel
are assigned to ensure safety of company personnel and passengers.
C. Pushback and Ground Marshaling. Procedures for pushback and ground
marshaling activities should be clearly defined and should include
safety precautions and signals, and should ensure adequate visibility
of assigned personnel during the time of aircraft movement.
D. Increased Awareness. FAA air carrier surveillance programs should
emphasize increased awareness by inspectors and the strict need to
follow safety procedures around turning propellers, in marshalling and
pushback procedures, and/or other ground activities.
E. Other References. Additional references can be found in National
Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Recommendations 91-297, 91-298, and
93-146, and Air Carrier Operating Bulletin (ACOB) 8-94-2, Safety in