I understand that for Small Airplanes, the FAA establishes different categories, one of which is Normal, Utility, and Aerobatic, commonly known for their Limit Load Factors, which are:
Normal: 3.8 G, -1.52G
Utility: 4.4 G, -1.76G
Aerobatic: 6.0 G, -3.0 G
It's worth noting that these are categories for light aircraft, meaning those with a certified Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW) of 12,500 pounds or less. However, I have not found any official information from the FAA that takes these limits into account for the certification of the Normal category, only the MTOW. Upon further investigation in 14 CFR, I found that in Section 23.2005, it states that one of the requirements for the Certification of normal category airplanes is: "Certification in the normal category applies to airplanes with a passenger-seating configuration of 19 or less and a maximum certificated takeoff weight of 19,000 pounds or less." It also refers to which aerobatic aircraft may or may not be certified in the normal category, as can be seen in part (d), which is also weird because they are "different categories"
This appears to contradict the previously mentioned Normal Category, which allows aircraft of up to 12,500 pounds. Are they different categories despite having the same name? If someone can clarify this matter for me and, in case they find the official FAA requirements for the certification of Normal, Utility, and Aerobatic category aircraft, could they please share them with me? I would be immensely grateful