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This comes from a flight simulator experiment ages ago in the Boeing 737....

I'm on the runway. I engage the heading switch, followed by the altitude and thrust. The aircraft lifts off, although hardly in a clean rotation.

Now I'm wondering: While it did work in the flight simulator, will the autopilot follow these commands in real life as well if I repeated this in a business or commercial jet?

Is there anything stopping the autopilot from engaging a specified altitude or from following instructions which are utter nonsense?

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I doubt it will go below stall speed unless in a landing configuration and close to the ground –  ratchet freak Mar 1 at 18:57
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@ratchetfreak: The autopilot will attempt to do whatever you tell it. The stick shaker should disconnect it though. –  Jan Hudec Mar 1 at 23:12

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up vote 9 down vote accepted

It depends on the autopilot and you need to read the AFM to know what the limitations are.

All of the business jets that I have flown prohibit the use of the autopilot below a specific altitude (between 50 and 1,000 feet depending on the autopilot and the configuration of the airplane). Nothing prevents then from being used lower but it isn't allowed. They will engage on the ground (in fact it is part of the required preflight tests) but have a specific prohibition against use for takeoff and landing.

Other airplanes and autopilots however are approved for autoland all of the way down to a full stop, and some for takeoff as well.

Speeds also depend on the autopilot. Some automatically disconnect if the aircraft receives a stall warning or overspeed signal but others don't.

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As I remember, the two 747 carriers I worked for had statements in their op specs that prohibited the use of autoland. The aircraft still had the capability (which we occasionally played with), but neither carrier was willing to incur the costs of maintaining autoland capability or training for it. –  Terry Mar 4 at 0:47

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